Landscaping Dublin: Brackenstown House, Gardens 2007

brackenstown house

In 2007, the 27 acre estate gardens of Brackenstown House won 2 awards at National competition. The gardens designs, though they were intended to start some 300 years ago had, history states and shows, never been completed, until that is 2007.

The two awards, an Award of Merit for Best Private Garden Landscaping and also for Best Overall Maintenance were awarded to Peter Donegan Landscaping Ltd for works completed and to Peter Donegan as the gardens Designer.

In submitting the garden for award an A3 size bound presentation was submitted showing a history to the landscaping that took place to get the grounds to where and what the judging panel were now looking at and judging. Of note, the grounds had matured by the time judging took place. The photographs shown are all of works nearly (intentionally so) complete.

At the time, technology was not what it is now and I guess the alternate is to leave the ‘gardens’ history sitting in a filing cabinet. It may more importantly prove of benefit to someone else in researching gardens of the 17th and 18th century. Something that I and others only know too well is very difficult to find indepth readings of.

I have tried to keep the presentations layout as best as possible online, similar to that that I submitted at the time. What is not included here are and hundreds upon hundreds of photographs; and my drawings and plant legends. The latter for no apparent reason apart from they are very, very large and I don’t own a scanner of that size. This is but, the presentation.

At the time of designing, [again] the internet was not what it is now. And as the gardens designs were never completed, there logically is very little of note on them. That said to the history of the house I owe much thanks to Finola and Turtle.

You can view more information and phtographs of Brackenstown Gardens taken after the awards. I have also added some images in at the very bottom below, including the kitchen gardens handmade central pavilion (sometimes known as a gazebo), the final piece in the jigsaw outside of the planting and the changing of the sunken gardens pond sculpt, I felt.

Of Brackenstown, the awarding judges noted that:

the work illustrates a consisted commitment to horticultural excellence in a restoration project that requires a keen understanding of the client’s requirements. The herbaceous beds in particular deserve special acclamation for their restrained but inventive interplay between colour and foliage texture.

And of the second award, that the award goes to this project because the judges believe it:

demonstrates a discernible excellence in maintenance.

 

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PAGE 1:

brackenstown house gardens, donegan landscaping dublin

PAGE 2: PROJECT DESCRIPTION

Second edition Ordnance Survey map of Brackdenston, dublin 1874

Above Fig 1. Second edition Ordnance Survey map of Brackdenston, Dublin 1874

Purchased by Paddy and Veronica Campbell in the late 1970’s the redesigns and consultations for the actual landscape took place between October and May 2004. The main concern at all times was that whilst the preferred route was to restore the historical and famous gardens to its original intended state, the ‘farming’ of Brackenstown was no longer realistically feasible, as was its original purpose as a 16th century estate with gardens combined. A fitting and rewarding design needed to result whilst also keeping the charm and character of what was originally known as Brackdenston House and Estate.

Mr and Mrs Campbell whilst holding a love for architecture, the landscape and the grounds did have ideas on what they wanted. A combined effort by both client and designer/ contractor have culminated to result in what can only be described as a unique landscape within this island and although aware modern constraints had to be taken into consideration, justice to the estate and its history has been given.

Breckdenston Demense was firstly owned by the Burnell family in the 16th Century but it was not until Chief Baron Bysse’s daughter inherited the home and married Robert Molesworth’s father that the future of Irish landscape would change. Molesworth introduced Allesandro Galilei from Italy in 1718 and Stephen Switzer in 1719 to begin plans. Although a Dutch designer was promised for the kitchen garden it was [somewhat surprisingly at the time] resident and native gardener Nick whose influence on Breckdenston, history shows, ‘was not insignificant’ within the overall estate. In 1721 Molesworth was left bankrupt via his dreams of the ultimate landscape in Brackenstown. One should note that whilst infrastructures where put in place, the grounds were never fully completed. The next 350 plus years of Ireland own troubles would influence the outcome of the entire estate.

‘The cutting down of our trees displeases me much more than if they had burnt all our houses’
Robert Molesworth, 25th March 1690

PAGE 3: A BRIEF HISTORY OF BRACKENSTOWN HOUSE

Fig 2. View of old house of Brackenstown, Swords, 1900

brackenstown, swords

Fig 3: View of Brackenstown, Swords, 2007

brackenstown, swords

Brackenstown House was formerly the home of Chief Baron Bysse who was visited there by Cromwell during his military expedition in Ireland.

The Moleworths:

Bysse’s daughter married a Molesworth, and the house passed into the hands of the Molesworths who were created Viscounts of Swords. Lord Molesworth lived there in the time of Dean Swift, and it was to him that Swift addressed Drapier Letters.

O’Callaghan Family:

During the early part of the 20th century, Brackenstown House had a chequered history. It was owned by the O’Callaghan family and burned in 1912 as a result of a family feud. It was rebuilt in 1915, and this date is shown clearly on a plaque on the front of the house. This family left Ireland suddenly on the evening of the murders at Croke Park in 1920 (Bloody Sunday), and the house was occupied by the IRA as a billet for some time.

Patrick & Veronica Campbell:

The house was acquired in the late 1920s by Pansy Pagecroft, and she lived there with her partner, Harry Ussher, the horse trainer. She died in 1942, but left a life tenancy to Ussher who died in 1957. The house was purchased in 1961 by the Assistant Master of the Rotunda, Raymond Cross. He lived there until 1969, and the house was sold in 1972 to Cirus Investments. Stephen Larkin bought the house, but did not reside in it. He sold it to Patrick & Veronica Campbell in 1979, but they did not reside in it until 1983.

PAGE 4: Overview Photo Of Grounds

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

PAGE 5: DETAILS OF WORK

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

The actual physical work on this project began in October 2005, almost one year after design consultation began and five months after design completion in order to allow for material ordering, plant selection and project management schedules to be put in place.

Brackenstown House has an amazing overall layout which had to appear as if it remained untouched yet well maintained and whilst its natural landscape plays a great role; the retention of the old walkways, sunken lawns and buildings within the grounds now still tell of a wonderful history. The finished gardens have resurrected this once neglected 17th Century grounds to remain for the future an icon of landscaping.

Following through to the walkway from the front of house around to the sunken garden, the journey starts to take a different picture. Decisions of route must be made. This is where the formal central garden plays a most significant role in leading one away, possibly to the sunken lawns, hidden pathways or to the formal gardens past the herbaceous borders and into the new relaxation garden.

The primary objective was to discover what remained beneath the overgrowth and so the discovery began and with the use of documented history and manual due care the overall layout and picture of what once was evolved.

The qualified staff of Peter Donegan Landscaping only, without machine, worked to ensure the mammoth task of adapting, restoring and with great consideration rebuilding the grounds would on this occasion complete and reward its investors, believers and employers with the knowledge that Brackdenston and Brackenstown would be reborn to a standard fitting of the mind that first began its journey.

PAGE 6: SITE LOCATION MAP
not shown

PAGE 7: Concept Sketches

brackenstown gardens, concept sketches

above: concept sketches and original doodle – elevation oblique of the kitchen garden with the new pavillion in centre

existing wrought iron gates as inspiration to the design

PAGE 8: Works To Kitchen Garden – 1

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

PAGE 9: Works To Kitchen Garden 2

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

 

PAGE 10: Works To Kitchen Garden 3

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

 

PAGE 11: Kitchen Garden

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

 

PAGE 12: Kitchen Garden

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

 

PAGE 13: Front Of House

PAGe 14: Side Of House

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

PAGE 15: Back Garden

Brackenstown House Gardens Dublin, 2007 Presentation, Donegan Landscaping

 

PAGE 16: Pond and Surrounding Area

Plant Legend – 1

1 Pachysandra terminalis 49 Erica arborea 98 Hamamelis mollis (3) 145 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’ (3)
2 Erica arborea (3) 50 Cytissus 99 Acorus (3) 146 Vinca ‘Illumination’ (5)
3 Hebe 51 Choisya ternata ‘Sundance’ (3) 100 Euonymus alatus (3)
4 Hebe 52 Erica darlyenensis 101 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’ (3) 148 Erica
5 Santolina 53 Phormium ‘Tricolor’ (3) 102 Escallonia ‘Golden Giant’ (3) 149 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3)
6 Acorus ‘Ogon’ 54 Erica 103 Hypericum ‘Hidcote’ (3) 150 Carex ‘Evergold’
104 Genista Lydia’ (3) 151 Hibiscus (3)
9 Erica darlyensis 56 Pittosporum tenuifolium ‘Tom Thumb’ (3) 105 Cytissus 152 Euonymus (3)
10 Convolvulus cnoerum (5) 106 Osmanthus ‘Tricolor’ (3) 153 Hebe (3)
11 Acorus ‘Ogon’ (3) 58 Yucca ‘Purple’ (3) 107 Hebe 154 Phormium ‘Jester’ (3)
12 Erica 59 Cistus 108 Skimmia japonica (3) 155 Erica
13 Lavendula 109 Erica x darleyensis (3)
14 Hebe 61 Viburnum davidii (3) 110 Ilex crenata ‘Golden Gem’ (3) 157 Erica
15 Vinca minor ‘Illumination’ (6) 62 Crocosmia ‘Lucifer’ (1) 111 Phormium ‘Jester’ (3) 158 Spirea japonica
16 Rosmarinus ‘Prostatus’ (5) 63 Photinia ‘Red Robin’ (3) 112 Ceanothus thyrisiflorus ‘Repens’ (5) 159 Erica
17 Carex ‘Evergold’ (5) 64 Erica (3) 113 Phormium ‘Purple’ (3) 160 Genista Lydia (3)
18 Pachysandra terminalis ‘Variegata’ (3) 65 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’ (3) 114 Salix 161 Phormium ‘Purple’ (3)
19 Erica 66 Carex ‘Evergold’ (5) 115 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3) 162 Carex ‘Evergold’
20 Viburnum davidii (3) 67 Vinca minor ‘Illumination’ (3) 116 Santolina (3) 163 Erica
21 Erica 68 Phormium ‘Purple’ (3) 164 Abelia ‘Confetti’ (3)
22 Hebe 69 Hydrangea 118 Cataegus 165 Erica arborea
70 Phormium ‘Purple’ (3) 119 Choisya ternate ‘Sundance’ 166 Mahonia aquifolium (1)
24 Kerria japonica (3) 71 Phormium 167 Euonymus
25 Erica arborea 121 Abelia confetti 168 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’ (3)
26 Vinca minor 73 Choisya ternate ‘Sundance’ (3) 122 Cotynus coggyria ‘Royal Purple’ (3) 169 Erica (3)
27 Carex ‘Evergold’ (5) 74 Osmanthus ‘Tricolor’ (3) 123 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3)
171 Convolvulus cneorum (3)
29 Erica 76 Acorus ‘Ogon’ (3) 125 Erica 172 Hydrangea
30 Ilex crenata ‘Golden gem’ (3) 126 Erica (3) 173 Viburnum oppulus (3)
31 Heuchera ‘Palace purple’ (3) 79 Hebe 127 Genista Lydia (3) 174 Hydrangea
32 Skimmia japonica (3) 80 Erica arborea (5) 175 Hebe
33 Phormium ‘Yellow wave’ (3) 81 Skimmia japonica (3) 129 Phormium ‘Jester’ (3) 176 Hebe
34 Euonymus 82 Euonymus alatus (3) 130 Sarcococa (3) 177 Cytissus
35 Phormium ‘Tricolor’ (2) 83 Carex ‘Evergold’ (5) 131 Santolina (3)
36 Phormium ‘Yellow wave’ (3) 84 Buxus 132 Abelia ‘Confetti’ (3) 179 Vinca ‘Aureovariegata’
37 Luma plicata ‘Variegata’ (3) 85 Erica 180 Hydrangea
86 Corylus avelana ‘Contorta’ (1) 134 Choisya ternate ‘Sundance’ (3) 181 Euonymus japonica
40 Ceanothus 88 Euonymus ‘Emerald Gaity’ (3) 135 Photinia ‘Red Robin’ (3) 182 Skimmia japonica (7)
41 Rhododendron 90 Acorus ‘Ogon’ (3) 136 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3) 183 Abelia ‘Confetti’
42 Cistus 91 Pittosporum ‘Tom Thumb’ (3) 137 Phormium ‘Tricolor’ (3)
43 Escallonia ‘Golden Giant’ (3) 92 Abelia ‘confetti’ (3) 138 Syringa (3) 185 Convolvulus cneorum (3)
93 Skimmia japonica (9) 139 Skimmia japonica (3)
45 Phormium ‘Tricolor’ (3) 94 Crataegus (1) 140 Erica
46 Callistemon 95 Cytissus 141 Luma plicata ‘Variegata’ (3)
47 Stipa tenuissima (3) 96 Convolvulus cneorum (2) 142 Cytissus
48 Genista Lydia (3) 97 Erica 144 Acorus ‘Ogon’ (3)

Plant Legend – 2

1 Carex ‘Evergold’ (5) 44 Phormium ‘Purple’ (3)
45 Hebe (3)
3 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’ (6) 46 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3)
4 Erica 47 Euonymus (3)
5 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3) 48 Luma plicata ‘Variegata’ (3)
6 Skimmia japonica (5) 49 Ilex variegata (3)
7 Nandina domestica (1) 50 Hebe (3)
8 Abelia ‘Confetti’ (3) 51 Corylus avelana ‘Contorta’ (1)
9 Ucinacia (3) 52 Hebe (3)
10 Spiraea japonica (3) 53 Hebe (3)
11 Phormium ‘Jester’ (3) 54 Cytissus (3)
12 Abelia grandiflora (3) 55 Carex ‘Evergold’ (3)
13 Choisya ternate ‘Sundance’ (3’ 56 Hamamelis mollis (4)
14 Escallonia (4) 57 Euonymus japonica (3)
15 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3) 58 Acorus ‘Ogon’ (3)
16 Phormium ‘Purple’ (5) 59 Hebe (3)
60 Carex
18 Hebe 61 Escallonia nana (3)
19 Hydrangea ‘Endless Summer’ 62 Hydrangea ‘Endless summer’ (16)
20 Santolina (3) 63 Genista Lydia
21 Erica ‘Tweety’ (5) 64 Cotinus ‘Royal Purple’ (3)
22 Carex ‘Evergold’ (5) 65 Genista Lydia
23 Convolvulus ‘Cnorum’ (2) 66 Lophomyrtus (3)
24 Viburnum plicatum (1) 67 Hebe
25 Mahonia aquifolium (1) 68 Carex ‘Evergold’ (3)
26 Skimmia japonica (3) 69 Euonymus ‘Blondy’ (3)
27 Erica ‘Tweety’ (3) 70 Abelia ‘Confetti’ (3)
28 Erica 71 Osmanthus (3)
72 Genista Lydia (3)
30 Euonymus 73 Pittosporum ‘Tom Thumb’ (3)
31 Genista Lydia (3) 74 Hebe
75 Spiraea
33 Phormium (3) 76 Heuchera ‘Palace Purple’
34 Euonymus alatus (3) 77 Abelia ‘Confetti’
35 Crocosmia Lucifer (1) 78 Ilex crenata ‘Golden Gem’
36 Phormium ‘Jester’ (3) 79 Hebe
37 Hebe (3) 80 Spiraea japonica
38 Abelia ‘Confetti’ (3) 81 Syringa (3)
39 Euonymus (3) 82 Carex ‘Evergold’
40 Erica arborea (3) 83 Skimmia japonica (9)
41 Hydrangea ‘Endless summer’ (3) 84 Dabboeica
42 Choysia ternate ‘Sundance’ (3) 85 Pittosporum ‘Tom Thumb’
43 Phormium ‘Jester’(3) 86 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’

Plant Legend – A

1 Photinia Fraseri ‘Red Robin’
2 Fargesia
3 Buxus sempervirens
4 Mix: Heuchera ‘Palace purple’, Dalhia, Leucethemum vulgare
5 Euonymus nini ‘argentea’
6 Hamamelis mollis
7 Ceanothus
8 Ilex crenata
9 Monarda didyma ‘Fireball’
10 Cytisus
11 Ceanothus
12 Euonymus
13 Lobelia cardinalis ‘Queen Victoria’
14 Aquilegia
15 Rudbeckia ‘Herbstkrone’
16 Euonymus ‘Silver Queen’
17 Lavandula stoechas
18 Pittosporum lenwifolium ‘Tom Thumb’
19 Euonymus
20 Euonymus
21 Phormium
22 Penstemum
23 Callistemum
24 Hydrangea
25 Heuchera
26 Viburnum
27 Astilbe ‘Visions in Red’
28 Astilbe
29 Physocarpus oppulus
30 Escallonia
31 Hamamellis mollis
32 Astilbe ‘Visions in Red’
33 Cordyline australis ‘Purple’
34 Lupinus ‘Gallery blue’
35 Kniphofia ‘Strawberries Crème’
36 Weigelia florida ‘Purple’
37 Choysia ternata ‘Sundance’
38 Hydrangea
39 Euonymus ‘Emerald n Gold’
40 Corylus

Plant Legend – B

1 Cytisus ‘Lena’
2 Thymus citriodorus ‘Aureus’
3 Cytisus ‘Lena’
4 Hydrangea ‘Teller’
5 Lysimachia
7 Genista
8 Penstemon
9 Heuchera
10 Lavandula stoechas
11 Cornus alba ‘Elegantissima’
12 Hebe
13 Acorus gramineus ‘Ogon’
14 Yucca gloriosa ‘variegata’
15 Lysimachia
16 Euonymus alatus
17 Euonymus ‘Elena’
18 Lavandula stoechus
19 Hebe
20 Deutzia
21 Euonymus
22 Mix: Phormium, Anemone, Perouskia
23 Cistus
24 Cistus
25 Bergenia ‘Rose’
26 Diosma hirsute ‘Pink Fountain’
27 Tradescantia ‘Leonora’
28 Dicentra spectabilis ‘alba’
29 Hebe ‘Wingletye’
30 Geranium pratense ‘Victor Reiter’
31 Carex hachiensis ‘Evergold’
32 Euonymus
33 Hibiscus
34 Cytisus
35 Fargesia
36 Photinia
37 Vinca minor ‘Gertrude Jekyll’
38 Escallonia
39 Ceanothus
40 Cistus
41 Hydrangea
42 Cortaderia selloana ‘Aureolinata’
43 Spiraea
44 Euonymus
45 Fuschia ‘Genii’
47 Yucca
48 Caryopteris clandonensis ‘Heavenly Blue’

Plant Legend – C

1 Hydrangea 48 Heuchera ‘Green spice’ 95 Carex ‘Evergold’
2 Rosmarinus ‘Prastratus’ 49 Viburnum plicatum ‘Mariessii’ 96 Potentilla ‘Red Ace’
3 Cordyline australis ‘Purpurea’ 50 Mix: Carex buchananii, Stipa ‘Pony tails’,
Lobiea ‘Queen victoria’ 97 Hosta
4 Lavandula 51 Sedum 98 Coprosma
5 Choysia ternata ‘Sundance’ 52 Penstemon 99 Kniphofia ‘Strawberrie & Cream’
6 Bamboo 53 Erica 100 Convolvulus cnoreum
7 Penstemon 54 Euonymus ‘Emerald and Gold’ 101 Phygellius ‘Funfare wine’
8 Cortaderia selloana 55 Diosma 102 Cytisus
9 Melianthus major 56 Hebe ‘Red Edge’ 103
10 Convolvulus cnorum 57 Erica arbora ‘Alberts Gold’
11 Hydrangea 58 Coprosma ‘Evening Glow’ 104 Hydrangea ‘Teller white’
12 Phormium 59 Vinca minor ‘aureavariegata’ 105 Phormium ‘Tricolor’
13 Kniphofia ‘Strawberries & cream’ 60 Euonymus ‘Susan’ 105 Gaura ‘Karalee Petite’
14 Euonymus japonica ‘Brava’ 106 Hydrangea ‘Teller’
15 Phormium 62 Heuchera ‘Palace purple’ 107 Cytisus ‘Lydia’
16 Vinca minor ‘Aureovariegata’ & ‘Gertrude Jekyll’ 63 Monarda ‘Fireball’ 108 Acorus ‘Ogom’
17 Hydrangea ‘Teller white’ 64 Escallonia ‘Apple Blossom’ 109 Lavandula stoechas
18 Liathris 65 Escallonia 110 Viburnum burkwoodii
19 Hydrangea ‘Bluesky Teller’ 66 Hebe pinguifolia ‘Pagei’ 111 Erica x daryylensis ‘Mary Helen’
20 Ribes ‘Pulborough Scarlet’ 67 Phormium ‘Silver’ 112 Sarcococa hookeriana humilis
21 Prunus lusitanica 68 Weigelia florida ‘purpurea’ 113 Achillea ‘Pretty Bellinda’
22 Callistemum ‘Captain Cook’ 69 Photinia ‘Red Robin’ 114 Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Repens’
23 Phormium ‘Yellow wave’ 70 Weigelia florida ‘variegata’ 115 Hebe
24 Euphorbia amygdaloides ‘Robbie’ 71 Camelia sasanqua 116 Escallonia
25 Hebe 72 Vinca minor ‘illumination’ 117 Geum ‘Mrs. Bradshaw’
26 Dahlia ‘Fascination’ 73 Hibiscus syriacus ‘Woodbridge’ 118 Hebe
27 Euonymus japonica ‘Albomarginatus’ 74 Astilbe 119 Osmanthus heterophyllus ‘Tricolor’
28 Nandina domestica ‘Firepower’ 75 Rosmarinus officinalis 120 Phormium

Plant Legend – D

1 Hebe ‘Nicola’s Blush’ (10) 48 Hebe ‘Mrs. Winder’
2 Mix: Lupinus gallery ‘Red Shades’ (10), Rosmarinus officinalis (15) 49 Penstemon
3 Vinca minor ‘Illumination’ (20) 50 Elaeagnus ebbingei ‘Gilt Edge’
4 Vinca minor (10) 51 Viburnum bodnantense ‘Dawn’
5 Cortaderia ‘Splendid Star’ (5) & Pennisetum ‘Purple Baron’ (3) 52 Escallonia ‘Gold Brian’
6 Viburnum davidii (10) 53 Vinca minor ‘Bowles purple’
54 Spiraea nipponica ‘Snowmound’
8 Escallonia ‘Gold Brian’ (10) 55 Cytisus
9 Astilbe arendsii ‘White’ (10) 56 Cotoneaster ‘Coral Beauty’
10 Hydrangea ‘Teller Red’ (10) 57 Cytisus
11 Santolina incana (10) & Monarda ‘Fireball’ (10) 58 Physocarpus opulus ‘Dart’s Gold’
12 Gentiana ‘Little Diamond’ (10) 59 Pittosporum tenuifolium ‘Tom Thumb’
13 Viburnum plicatum ‘Summer Snowflake’ (5) 60 Helycrysum
14 Potentilla ‘Red Robin’ (7) 61 Castanea
15 Ceanothus thyrisiflorus ‘Repens’ (17) 62 Lavandula stoechas
16 Canna Tropicana ‘Gold’ (5) 63 Perowskia atriplicifolia
17 Hebe ‘Wingletye’ (10) 64 Camelia sasanqua
18 Hebe ‘Hot Tips’ (7) 65 Phormium
19 Callistemon citrinus (9) 66 Miscanthus sinensis ‘Zebrinus’
20 Weigelia florida ‘Nana Variegata’ (5) 67 Laurus nobilis
21 Euonymus 68 Rosmarinus
22 Dahlia ‘Fascination’ (5) 69 Vinca minor ‘Illumination’
23 Genista ‘Lydia’ (9) 70 Sambucus nigra ‘Black Lace’
24 Geum chiloense ‘Mrs. Bradshaw’ (10) 71 Euonymus fortunei ‘Emerald n Gaiety’
25 Carex testaceae (5) 72 Kerria japonica ‘Pleniflora’
26 Cistus ‘Sunset’ (5) 73 Thymus citronus ‘Silver Queen’
27 Acorus gramineus ‘Ogon’ (10) 74 Euonymus japonicus ‘Bravo’
28 Potentilla ‘Lovely Pink’(7) 75 Abelia grandiflora ‘Compacta’
29 Verbena boniarensis (10) 76 Phormium ‘Yellow Wave’
30 Phormium ‘Rainbow Queen’ (10) 77 Vinca minor ‘Illumination’
31 Kniphofia ‘Strawberries & Cream’ (10) 78 Ceanothus ‘Blue mound’
32 Dahlia ‘Scarlet Fern’ (10) 79 Heuchera
33 Spiraea japonica ‘Shirobana’ (7)
34 Castanea 81 Dahlia
35 Choisya ternate ‘Aztec Perl’ (7) 82 Heuchera ‘Green Spice’
36 Hebe ‘Candy Floss’ (10) 83 Hebe
37 Myrtus ‘Variegata’ 84 Cotinus coggygria ‘Royal Purple’
38 Perovskia atriplicifolia ‘Little Spire’ (10) 85 Viburnum davidii & Kniphofia ‘Strawberries & Cream’
39 Cotoneaster cornubia (10) 86 Ophiopogon planiscapus ‘nigrens’ & Diosma
40 Geum chiloense ‘Lady Stratheden’ (10) 87 Vinca minor
41 Penstemon ‘Garnet’ (13) 88 Euonymus fortuneii ‘Emerald Gold’
42 Ilex crenata ‘Golden Gem’ (10) 89 Eryobotria copertone
43 Canna 90 Lupinus ‘Blue shade’
91 Sedum ‘Abbeye Dor’
45 Euonymus fortunei ‘Emerald and Gold’ 92 Hebe & Anemona japonica
46 Cistus 93 Acorus
47 Diosma 94 Dahlia ‘Knockout’
95 Rosmariuns officinalis

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